February 12 - this day in history

February 12 - this day in history

12 February 2019, 11:57
A source: © jnsm.com.ua
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On February 12, 1502, the Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama sailed from Lisbon on his second voyage to India. This time his goal was to quell the unrest in Calcutta. In 1519, Vasco da Gama received the title of Count de Vidigueira, and after 5 years - the title of viceroy of India.

1709 - for the ratification of the agreement of the king with the Confederates in Warsaw, the Diet was opened, which lasted a record short time - only one day. He is known as "dumb" because Augustus II the Strong accepted the demands made to him almost without a word.
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1908 - the famous New York-Paris races began in New York in Times Square, the route of which ran through Alaska and Siberia, and then through the whole of Europe.

1918 - in Korosten, the Small Council of the UPR adopted Vladimirov Trizub as a large and small emblem of the Ukrainian state.
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1924 - the mummy of Tutankhamen was taken out of the tomb 15 months after its opening.

1936 - the first exhibition of folk art of Ukraine opened in Kiev.
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1941 - in London, Howard Florey and Ernst Chain for the first time used penicillin to treat a person - a policeman who died from blood poisoning became their patient.

1955 - the Soviet Union decided to build the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. In 1961, it was the first in the world to launch the Venera-1 automatic interplanetary station.
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1979 - Cosmos-1076, the first Soviet oceanographic satellite, was launched.

1980 - the XIII Olympic Winter Games began in Lake Placid (USA). The main heroes of the competition were the American skater Eric Heiden, Soviet skier Nikolai Zamyatov and the USA hockey team.
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